The Senegal River is a 1,086 km (675 mi) long river in West Africa that forms the border between Senegal and Mauritania.
How long is the Senegal river?
The rich history of the Senegal River dates way back to the 13th and 14th centuries when a famous gold producing empire thrived along its banks. The Ghana Empire, later on called the Mali Empire, comprised of middlemen and traders who engaged in Trans-Saharan trade. They called River Senegal “the river of gold” due to the immense gold deposits that once lay on its beds. They traded salt, gold and slaves, and used River Senegal to transport them to the coastal harbour.
In the present day, River Senegal greatly contributes to the economic growth of Senegal, Mali and Mauritania. Along its course, there are dams erected to create reservoirs for multiple purposes. The Mantali dam of Mali and the Maka-Daima of Mauritania and Senegal help in preventing sea water from moving upstream. Other purposes associated with the dams include but are not limited to recreation, irrigation, flood control, production of hydroelectric power and domestic use
The use of the river for transport has gone down since the decline of the Trans-Saharan trade of the Old Ghana Kingdoms. The transportation of goods and passengers is limited since the river channel is narrow and shallow in some regions. There are plans by the joint body of Mali, Mauritania and Senegal called the OVMS to make the river entirely navigable. The plan is to give Mali, a landlocked country, a direct route to the sea by connecting it to River Senegal via an artificial channel.